00 Genesis Introduction

Title

Bereshit = Hebrew = beginning

Genesis = Greek = origin

Author

Genesis contains revelation passed down – orally and written — from the patriarchs: Adam, Noah, Job, Abraham, and Melchizedek.

Genesis contains revelation presented from the mouth of God to Moses atop Mt. Sinai and in other sacred places.[I]

Genesis contains revelation compiled by Moses – one exquisitely educated by his mother, people, Egyptian teachers, his father-in-law, and God.

Genesis contains revelation compiled and completed by others.

Date

Genesis was written around 1450-1400 BC.

Original Recipients

Genesis was originally written for the Israelites.

Genesis was also written for all nations of the earth, for through Abraham they would be blessed.[II]

Collection

Genesis is part of the Pentateuch or Torah. (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)

Time Span

Genesis covers the years between Creation through the death of Joseph – 1800 BC.

Genesis covers more time than the remaining books of the Bible combined.[III]

Genre

Genesis is historical narrative.  (It is part of a continuous historical narrative through the book of 2 Kings.)

Genesis is historical narrative presented with literary stylistic elements. (Example: Genesis 1 and 2 present Creation differently)

Outline

Genesis 1-11             The Human Race

Genesis 12-50           The Chosen People

12-25        Abraham

26-36        Isaac

37-50        Jacob

Theme

Genesis is one of the four books most referred to in the New Testament. (Genesis[IV], Deuteronomy, Psalms, and Isaiah)

Genesis is one of the two books chosen by Mark Dever if he were stranded and could only have two. (The other would be a Gospel account.)

Genesis presents the beginning of the universe.

Genesis presents the beginning of the life forms.

Genesis presents the beginning of the man.

Genesis presents the beginning of the paradise.

Genesis presents the beginning of the work.

Genesis presents the beginning of marriage.

Genesis presents the beginning of law.

Genesis presents the beginning of evil. (Antithesis)

Genesis presents the beginning of sin.

Genesis presents the beginning of cities.

Genesis presents the beginning of cultures.

Genesis presents the beginning of judgment / death – paradise lost.

Genesis presents the beginning of mercy and common grace.

Genesis presents the beginning of covenantal grace through the Son.  (Land, Seed, Blessing, Intimacy)[V]

Genesis presents the beginning of election. (People / Nation / People)

Genesis presents the beginning of faith and worship.

Genesis presents the beginning of resurrection hope and confidence.[VI]

But … Genesis … does not present the beginning of God

[I] Exodus 17:14; Numbers 33:2; Joshua 8:31; 1 Kings 2:3; 2 Kings 14:6; Ezra 6:18; Nehemiah 13:1; Daniel 11:3; Malachi 4:4; John 7:22; Acts 7:22; Acts 15:1

[II] Genesis 12:3

[III] The MacArthur Study Bible

[IV] Quoted 35 times with dozens of illusions

[V] John 5:46

[VI] Joseph wishing for his people to take his bones to Canaan.